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Nutrition Of Pregnant Mother Organized By OPED

Nutrition of pregnant mother organized by OPED

Today’s topic is a detailed discussion of primary health, maternal and child health, nutrition and family planning.

  1. Nutrition of pregnant mother

a) The fetus receives nutrients from the mother’s body during pregnancy, so it is very important to pay attention to the nutrition of the pregnant mother. The physical and mental growth of the baby in the womb depends entirely on the nutrition of the mother.

b) For the same reason, pregnant mother should be fed four times a day instead of three times. As an extra meal, one more handful of rice, thick part of pulses or thick pulses, vegetables, fish / eggs / meat should be given once a day. Also give milk, yogurt, or milk-based foods. This will keep the mother healthy and strong and she will give birth to a healthy strong and normal weight baby.

c) To prevent anemia during pregnancy, one should take iron and folic acid mixed pills (60 mg iron and 4 mg folic acid) at least once a day after three months.

d) 2 calcium pills (500 mg) should be given daily in full stomach after 3 months of pregnancy to fill the gaps of the mother and build the bones of the baby.

e) Adequate rest should be taken during pregnancy.

  1. What kind of food should a pregnant and maternity mother eat?
    a) Cereals – rice, wheat, corn, potatoes
    b) Pulses – Different types of pulses and bean sprouts, peas etc.
    c) Fruits and foods that are high in vitamin A. Such as: mango, papaya, orange, dark green leafy vegetables, carrots, sweet pumpkin, banana, pineapple, watermelon, tomato, eggplant and cabbage
    d) Animal foods (meat, beef, mutton, goat, chicken), fish, liver, eggs, dairy products
    e) Oil, ghee, butter, various oil seeds like sesame.
  2. Maternal nutrition
    a) Since a mother breastfeeds her baby during childbirth, she has to take special care of her own nutrition during this time. This is because her nutritional needs increase during pregnancy rather than during pregnancy.

b) A pregnant mother should be given more food than during pregnancy i.e. five times a day.

c) Every time the food is ready, the mother has to eat 2 handfuls more food than usual and this will help the mother to get well soon.

d) Iron, folic acid, and calcium tablets should be taken daily for three months after delivery. This will not cause anemia in the mother due to bleeding after delivery.

e) In the first 42 days after the birth of the baby, the mother should take one vitamin-A capsule. The health of the mother and baby will be good.

  1. Recommendations and importance of feeding the baby extra food
    a) In Bangladesh, the rate of providing extra food to children aged 6-12 months is only 25 percent. In other words, 75 percent of the news about the additional news. Among children aged 6-7 months, the rate is only 16 percent and the deficit is 74 percent. The rate is 36 percent among children aged 9-11 months and the deficit is 74 percent. The source of all the statistics here is BDHS 2006. This food shortage is the main cause of child malnutrition in Bangladesh.

b) The World Health Organization has formulated the following recommendations on feeding infants to address these deficiencies:
i. Type of food: Extra food should be prepared from different types of family food.
ii. Make a daily meal for children with at least four foods from the list of foods listed below and include at least one animal food.

  • Rice, bread
  • Different types of dense pulses
  • Dense green and red vegetables, as well as yellow and orange vegetables and fruits, such as sweet pumpkin, carrot, ripe mango, papaya and seasonal fruits that children can eat.
  • Animal food – fish, meat, eggs, chicken liver
  • Foods made with milk
  • Ghee / oil / fat / nuts
  1. Children who do not want to eat
    a) Eat when you are hungry
    b) He has to give different kinds of food, because if he gives the same kind of food again and again, he will not eat
    c) Do not fill children’s stomachs with juice, water, chocolate, chips
    d) Eat with encouragement and praise
    e) Feed with patience over time
    f) Children should be given nutritious food of their choice
    g) Never be forced
  2. Feeding the sick baby
    a) Breastfeeding should be done frequently
    b) Give her the nutritious food of her choice
    c) It should be fed little by little and frequently
    d) If you recover from the disease, you should give more frequent and nutritious food for at least one week till the previous weight.